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Type 2 Diabetes & Genetics
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where blood sugar is too high. It can develop when your body is unable to make enough insulin and/or respond properly to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that normally helps our bodies use or store glucose from food. Having type 2 diabetes increases your risk for life-threatening complications, such as heart disease and other organ damage.
Is type 2 diabetes genetic?
Genetics does play a role in type 2 diabetes. This means some people will be more likely to develop type 2 diabetes based on their genetics. However, genetics alone is not enough to cause the disease. Other factors, including lifestyle choices, influence the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes as well.
Healthy lifestyle choices matter.
Healthy living can lower the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. It's possible to delay or even prevent the disease by being active, eating healthy foods and maintaining a healthy weight.
Many are not aware they have prediabetes.
Across the general U.S. population, around 40% of people are expected to develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime.More than 1 out of 3 adults currently have prediabetes, but 9 out of 10 people with prediabetes don't know they have it. In prediabetes, blood sugar levels are elevated but are not yet high enough to be considered diabetes. When prediabetes is detected early, diabetes prevention may be possible. Talk to a healthcare professional to learn more about prediabetes, as well as diabetes testing and prevention.
What do your genes say about type 2 diabetes?
23andMe can tell you if your genetics are associated with a higher than typical likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. The 23andMe Type 2 Diabetes Health Predisposition report estimates your chances of developing type 2 diabetes by looking at more than 1,000 places in your DNA. The report also equips you with information and tools to help you take action. You can get the Type 2 Diabetes Health Predisposition report and more with 23andMe's Health + Ancestry Service.